Signs Your Home is Infested with Bed Bugs


The comfort of our homes is something we often take for granted, but when uninvited guests like bed bugs decide to make themselves at home, it can quickly turn into a nightmare. These tiny pests are masters of stealth, making their presence known through subtle signs that are easy to overlook.

If you suspect your home might be harbouring these unwelcome visitors, it’s crucial to be able to identify the signs of a bed bug infestation before it spirals out of control and to acquire assistance from a reliable pest control company.

Unexplained Bites

One of the first and most common signs of a bed bug infestation is waking up with unexplained bites on your body. Bed bugs are nocturnal creatures that feed on human blood while we sleep. Their bites often appear in small clusters or a line pattern on exposed skin, like the arms, legs, neck, and face. These bites can be itchy and cause irritation, often leading to confusion with other insect bites or skin conditions. If you notice a pattern of bites that worsens while you sleep, it’s time to investigate further.

Rusty Stains

Bed bugs are known for leaving behind rusty or reddish-brown stains on sheets, pillowcases, and mattresses. These stains are a result of the bugs being crushed after feeding. When engorged with blood, bed bugs can burst under pressure, leaving behind telltale smears. If you notice these stains on your bedding, it’s a clear sign that bed bugs are present.

Tiny Egg Casings

Bed bugs reproduce rapidly, and their tiny, pearly white egg casings are a sign of an infestation. These casings are about the size of a pinhead and can often be found in the seams of your mattress, along the edges of your bed frame, and even in the cracks and crevices of furniture. If you come across these tiny oval-shaped structures, it’s a strong indication that a bed bug population is thriving in your home.

Musty Odour

Bed bugs release pheromones that create a distinct, musty odour. This smell is often described as sweet and unpleasant. If you detect an unusual scent in your bedroom or other areas of your home, it could be a sign that bed bugs are present. Keep in mind that this odour might not be immediately noticeable, so pay close attention to any unusual smells in your living space.

Live Bugs

Of course, the most obvious sign of a bed bug infestation is the presence of live bugs themselves. Bed bugs are small, flat, and oval-shaped, with a reddish-brown colour. They are roughly the size of an apple seed, making them visible to the naked eye, though they can hide in cracks and crevices during the day. If you spot any of these insects crawling on your mattress, bedding, or furniture, it’s time to take action.


As bed bugs grow, they shed their exoskeletons several times. These discarded exoskeletons look like translucent, empty shells and can often be found in areas where the bugs hide, such as the folds of mattresses, behind headboards, and in the cracks of furniture. If you come across these empty shells, it’s a sure sign that bed bugs are actively reproducing in your home.

Blood Smears

Since bed bugs feed on human blood, you might find small smears of blood on your sheets, pillowcases, or pyjamas. These smears can occur if you accidentally crush a bug while sleeping, leaving behind evidence of its presence. The combination of blood smears and rusty stains can create a rather unsettling and unsightly mess on your bedding.

Fecal Matter

Bed bugs excrete fecal matter that appears as dark spots or tiny black dots. These fecal spots are often found on bedding, mattresses, and furniture, especially in areas where the bugs congregate. If you notice any of these dark spots, it’s a sign that bed bugs are active in your home.


In conclusion, a bed bug infestation can quickly turn your home into an uncomfortable and distressing place. It’s always important to be vigilant and recognize the signs of an infestation early on to prevent it from spreading and becoming a more significant problem. Regularly inspect your bedding, mattress, and furniture for any signs of bed bugs, such as bites, stains, egg casings, live bugs, exoskeletons, blood smears, and fecal matter. If you suspect an infestation, it’s recommended to seek professional pest control services, as eradicating bed bugs can be challenging and often requires specialized treatments.

Remember that early detection and swift action are key to successfully dealing with a bed bug infestation, in addition to contacting pest control professionals. By staying informed and proactive, you can protect your home and maintain a comfortable and pest-free living environment for you and your family.